88线上网投

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      ,2016Aftermorethan30yearsofdeepenedreformandfurtheropening-up,C,wefirmlygraspthestrategicopportunityofeconomicglobalization,deepencooperationwiththeinternationalcommunity,andactivelyparticipateininternationaleconomicgovernancesystemtojointlycopewithchallenges,promoterecoveryofworldeconomy,ethan30yearsofreformandopening-up,Chinahasachievedahistoricalleapinitseconomicdevelopment,risingfromacountrywithtraderankingthe32ndintheworlddependingonexportingprimaryproducts,andbecomingtheworld’,Chinaistheworld’ssecondlargesteconomy,thebiggestexporterofgoodstradeandthelargesttradenation,oneoftheworld’’’se,wherethemajorproblemisthecontradictionbetweenpeople’,weupholdthedirectionofreformtowardthesocialistmarketeconomy,continuetodeepenreformandconstantlyemancipatethemind,releaseanddevelopproductiveforces,,weeffectivelystimulatedtheenthusiasmofthelaborforce,greatlystimulatedthedynamismofeconomicdevelopment,fullyreleasedthepotentialofeconomicdevelopment,andachievedth’,nomicglobalization,andbasedonChina’scomparativeadvantages,weformulatetheopening-upstrategywhichissuitableforChina’,wemakefulluseofthe“twomarketsandtworesources”,,establishesnewsystemsforanopeneconomy,andcreatesnewadvantages,chCenteroftheStateCouncil,China’%%,China’scontributiontoworldeconomicgrowthfurtherrisestomorethanaquarter,acturedgoods,effectivelycurbingglobalinflation,whichisconducivetothestabilityandgrowthoftheglobaleconomy,andalsogreatlyenhancestheconsumers’’simportsofgoodsandservicesreachmorethan$2trillionayear,whichbecomesthehugemarketforgoodsandservicesaroundtheworld,,Chinahasrankedthetopment,providingtheinvestorsaroundtheworldwiththeopportunitytoshareChina’’srapidrisetobecometheworld’sthirdlargestforeigninvestorhas’soverseasinvestmentalso,China’sinvestmentindevelopingcountriesbringsthemappliedtechnology,whichisofspecialsignificanceforthosecountriesinpromotingindustrialization,acceleratingtechnologicalprogress,,moreandmorecountriesregarditasoneoftheimportantcontentsinde,ChinaadheredtothepositionthatChinesecurrencyRMBwouldnotdevalue,,Chinaworkedcloselywiththeinternationalcommunity,coordinatedpolicies,,theChinesegovernmenttooktheinitiativetoadjustmacroeconomicpolicy,workedonexpandingdomesticdemandandadjustingeconomicstructure,asaresultofwhichChinaachievedstableeconomicgrowth,,Chinaactivelyparticipatedininternationalcooperationtocopewiththeglobalfinancialcrisis,whichhasmadeitsowneffortstostabilizeglobalfinancialmarkets,conomicgovernancesystemiscomposedofaseriesofrulesforinternatio,BrettonWo,andguaranteeforeconomicglobalization,whichhelpspromoteinternationaltradeandinvestment,,,itisimportanttoimprovetherepresentativenessoftheglobaleconomicgovernancesystem,,emergingeconomiesandalargenumberofdevelopingcountriesdeveloprapidly,,itisimportanttoenhancetherepresentativenessanddiscoursepowerofdevelopingcountriesinthecurrentglobaleconomicgovernancesystem,and,itisimportanttopromotefairerandproperinternationalrules,tryingtomakeamorebalancedglobaleconomicgovernancesystemreflectthewishesandinterestsofdifferentcountries,tosafeguardtheinterestsofdevelopingcountries,andtrulyrealizetheequalityofrights,opportunity,,itisimportanttoadapttothenewdemandofinternationaleconomicandfinancialdevelopment,urtherdeepens,alotofnewareassuchasglobalproductionvaluechain,cross-borderinvestment,e-commerce,networkinformationsecurit,thereisalsoaneedtoenhancetheathencooperationandimproveglobalgovernancesystem....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByWangHaiqinChengHuiqiang,ResearchTeamon"ChinasMonitoringSystemforEnvironment"ofResearchInstituteofResourcesandenvironmentPolicesofDRCResearchReportNo143,2014(Total4642)Duringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiod,China,thetasktoimproveChina,themonitoringdatawillfocusmoreonearlywarningagainstsevereairpollution,evaluatingtheimpactofairpollutiononhumanhealth,uirementsforimprovingthequalityofgovernmentmonitoringsystemforambientairqualityThecurrentmanagementsystemforenvironmentmonitoringinChinaischaracterizedbythefactthat"monitoringismainlyconductedbylocalauthoritiessupplementedwiththeprofessionalguidancefromthecentralgovernmentandmonitoringismainlyconductedbygovernmentmonitoringcenterssupplementedwithmarketplayers."However,withthefurtherdevelopmentofecologicalcivilization,the,,itiscommonfortheadministrationtointerfereinthemonitoringdata,whichproduc,keytechniciansinsomelocalenvironmentmonitoringcentersleavefromtheirpostsonebyoneandtlemmawher,theEnvironmentalProtectionLawamendedin2014stipulatesthattheheadsofmonitoringcentersaretoberesponsibleforthequ,itisthelocalgovernmentsthatdecidefundallocation,andtheappoin,equipment,and,theaveragenumberofstaffinthemonitoringce,thelocalenvironmentalmonitoringcenters,especiallythoselocatedinmid-westareas,arefacingmoreandmorestrikingproblems,,thesubsidiesfromthecentralgovernmentforambientairqualitymonitoringreaches15%to25%ofthetotalcost,deas,theenvironmentalmonitoringcentersinmid-westregionsareunwillingtointroducemonitoriingcenters,non-governmentalforcescantconductmonitoringbusinessatwillintheenvironmentalmonitoringdomains,airqualityinChinaToreducethenegativeimpactofthecurrentmonitoringsystemontheambientairqualitymonitoringnetwork,duringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiod,aseriesofreformsontheambientairquh,inordertostrengthenthecentralgovernmentssupervisiononthequalityoflocalmonitoringdata,378outof1436nationallysupervisedambientairqualitymonitromlocaltoChinasNationalEnvironmentalMonitoringCenter,,,topromotetheregionaljointpreventionandcontrolofairpollution,duringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiod,65newlybuiltregionalambientairqualitrquality,someprovinceshaveshiftedtheambientairqua,themonitoringfunctionof144ambientairqualitymonitoringpointsinShandongProvinceweretransferredfromthelocalenvironmentalcenterstoShandongEnvironmentalInformationandMonitoringCe,,theLocalenvironmentalmonitoringcentersarguethiscanhelptoalleviatelocalgovernmentssestheadministrativeinterventionfromlowergovernments,ensuringthecomparabilityandfairnessofthemonitorinngthemodelofgovernment"TrustManagement"businessdevelopsrapidlyandgovernmentsshouldpa"TrustManagement"marketmodelmeansthatgovernmentsonlyoutsourcetheoperationandmaintenanceserviceofmonitoringequipmenttothethirdparty,butst,governmentspurchasedatapartiallyfr,swhoseoperationandmanagementhasbeentakenbackbythecentralgovernmentandsomeprovincialones.88线上网投ByChengGuoqiang,,minChinaThedouble-levelbasicsystemforruraloperation,“thecombinationofunifiedandseparatedoperationsystem”,builtbasedonhouseholdcontractedlandsystem,isthemajoraystem,characterizedby“collectiveownership,averagedistributionofcontractedland,andhouseholdoperation”hasplayeda,withthedeepeningofindustrializationandurbanizationandtherapidflowofrurallandandlabor,“theweakfarmingtheland”and“barrenlandforgraincrops”,everyhouseholdhadin1986,(),(),()andtherewere229millionfarmhouseholds,(),rmhouseholdsinChina,in1996,%andthenumberfellto40%,%inJilin,Heilongjiang,Anhui,SichuanandZhejiangprovinces,,,%ofallemployedlaborforcein2011engagedinthefirstindu,amongthewholelaborforce,%in2011,%,ind,%%,productionhasbeenconversedfor“non-food”(),morethan65%ofthetotalgrainoutputgrowth,,withthetransferoftherighttocontractedoperation,%ofthewhole,%,muchsmaller,forthosehavingfarmlandtransferredin,whichsuggeststhatgrainproductionisincreasinglynotfarmers’,ifthequalityoftheagriculturallaborforce,farmers’productioncapacityandtheagriculturaloperationscalefailtomeettheminimumrequirementsofthedevelopmentofmodernagriculture,itwillbedifficulttosustaintherelatedagriculturalmodernfacilitiesandequipment,scientificandtechnologicalapplications,qualityofproducts,farmingincome,andpeople’senthusiasminfarming,thusthreateningf,inChina’sagriculturalmodernization,tobringaboutgenuinebreakthroughsandinnovationsofagriculturalmanagementandacceleratetheconstructionofanewagriculturalmanagemen“PilotPraticeinChongzhou”,anInnovativePracticeofAgriculturalOperationSysteminChinaProblemsandcontradictionsintheagriculturaldevelopmentofChongzhou,amajoragriculturalcountyandgrainproducingareainChengdu,SichuanProvince,,thepermanentpo%“marginalization”blemof“whofarms”butdeepones,like“whatkindoflandshouldbeused”and“howtofarmit”.Avarietyofexplorationsandpracticeshavebeencar,majorgrainproducinghouseholdswereencouragedtotransfertheirfarmlandintheearlydaysandlaterlea,YinmalongCompanybroketheleasecontractandsurrenderedover3000mu(around200hectares)offarmlandinQiquanTown,farmerswerereluctanttotakebacktproductionandruraldevelopment,thegovernmentofChongzhou,since2010,hasbeen“forced”tostartanewtest,(around200hectares)ofsurrenderedfarmlandintopiecesrangingfrom300to500mu(around20-33hectares)andmobilizingandintroducingfarmingexpertsforriceproductionandmanagement,,therehasbeenformed,inChongzhou,anewagriculturaloperationsystemwithhouseholdcontractsystemasthebasis,farmersasthecoreparticipants,andjointlymanagedbymultipleentitiesincludingprofessionalagriculturalmanagers,landshareholdingcooperatives,socializedserviceorganizations,,itwillleadfarmerstoestablisha“landshareholdingcooperative”andexchan,itwillemployfarmingexpertswithgoodcommandoftechnologyandmanagementskillsasprofessio’smore,itwillsetupaspecializedservicesystemforlarge-scalefarminganda“one-stop”agriculturalservicesupermarket,thuscreatinganagriculturaloperationmodecovering“landshareholdingcooperatives,professionalmanagersandservicesupermarket”,“agriculturaljointoperationsystem”.
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      ,2017“FacilityConnectivity”isnotonlyanimportantpartof“TheBeltandRoad”ConnectivitySystem,butalsoiscommittedtoimprovingthehardwarerequiredfordevelopmentoftheregionsalong“TheBeltandRoad”.ThecoreofFacilityConnectivityliesininfrastructureconstructionandimprovementoftheregionsalong“TheBeltandRoad”,,during2016-2020,thecountriesalong“TheBeltandRoad”[]willraisedesiredinfrastructureinvestmentdemands[],amongwhichinvestmentdemandsfromthosecountriesalong“TheBeltandRoad”(exceptChina[]),itisfarfro,,developmentandimprovementofanycountry’sinfrastructuremainlydependonendogenousforce,“TheBeltandRoad”,but“TheBeltandRoad”’ssecondlargesteconomy,andhasawea“TheBeltandRoad”infrastructureinvestmentandfinancing,Chinashouldeffectivelymakeitscontributionundertheprincipleofco-construction,takeanactivepartunderthepremiseofinsistenceonmutualbenefit,win-winandmarketoperation,andplaytheroleofanactiveexperiencesharer,amajorpart“TheBeltandRoad”InfrastructureConstructionEnormousinvestmentdemandsareimpliedfor“TheBeltandRoad”edbytheAsianDevelopmentBank(ADB)andtheAsianDevelopmentBankInstitute(ADBI),to,amongwhichsevencountriesdon’tstandalong“TheBeltandRoad”.Inordertomorefullyestimatethesizeof“TheBeltandRoad”infrastructureinvestmentdemand,onthebasisoftheexistingresearchfindings,,desiredratiobetweeninvestmentinallinfrastructuresectorsandGDPisdetermined,andthenrespectiveGDPbasesandGDPgrowthratesofthecountriesalong“TheBeltandRoad”,TotalDesiredInvestmentDemandsfor“TheBeltandRoad”Infrastructur:,statisticalindicatorsforthePrivateParticipationinInfrastructure(PPI)ProjectDatabaseoftheWorldBankinclude:Energy(PowerGeneration,TransmissionandDistribution;NaturalGasTransmissionandDistribution);InformationandCommunicationTechnology(ICT);Transportation(Aviation,Railways,HighwaysandPorts);Water(DrinkingWaterProductionandDistribution;SewageCollectionandTreatment).ResearchfindingsofUnionBankofSwitzerland(UBS)forsomeinfrastructuresoftheOECDCountriesandBRICCountries(2006)laystressonRoads,Railways,Telecommunications,ElectricPower(PowerTransmissionandDistributionOnly),thescopeofinfrastructureinthispapercovers“Energy”,“Transportation”and“MunicipalPublicInfrastructure”.Amongthem,“Energy”and“Transportation”arehereindefinedbytheWorldBankPPIDatabase,whileChinesemeasurementindicatorsareadoptedfor“MunicipalPublicInfrastructure”herein,includingWaterSupply,GasSupply,HeatSupply,PublicTransportation,RoadsandBridges,DrainageandSewageTreatment,FloodControl,GardeningandCityAppearanceandEnvironmentalSanitation,:Sincedesiredinfrastructureinvestmentratioiscloselyrelatedtothedevelopmentconditions,levelsandpatternsofvariouscountries,inordertomakeestimationsconsistentwithactualdemands,thecountriesalong“TheBeltandRoad”[]fallintothreegroups:1)IDA-eligiblecountries[](IDArefersto“InternationalDevelopmentAssociation”);2)IDA-ineligiblecountriesotherthanChina;and3),thedesiredratioofinfrastructureinvestmentinIDA-eligiblecountriesisasumofempiricalvalueofChina’smunicipalinfrastructureconstruction(1993-2000)andaverageratiobetweenPPIforinfrastructure(EnergyandTransportation)ConstructionandGDPofIDA-eligiblecountries(accessedbytheWorldBank,2011-2015),%.DesiredratioofinfrastructureinvestmentinIDA-ineligiblecountriesisasumofempiricalvalueofChina’smunicipalinfrastructureconstruction(2001-2008)andaverageratiobetweenPPIforinfrastructure(EnergyandTransportation)ConstructionandGDPofIDA-ineligiblecountries(accessedbytheWorldBank,2011-2015),%.ForChina,desiredratioadoptstheaverageofinfrastructureinvestmentandGDPduring“TheTwelfthFive-yearPlanningPeriod”,whichis15%[].:WhenGDPvaluesofIDA-eligiblecountries(2016-2020)arecalculated,%.ThenominalGDPgrowthrateofIDA-ineligiblecountriesissetat4%.Inaccordancewiththegoalsspecifiedin“TheThirteenthFive-yearPlanningPeriod”,China’%(2015)asabase,desiredGDPsizes[]ofthreeg:BasedontheresultsoftheforegoingSection2andSection3,annualamountsofdesiredinfrastructureinvestmentinthenextfiveyearsarecalculated,whicharetotaledupastheentireinvestmentdemand(),(includingUSD400billionfromIDA-eligiblecountriesandUSD1trillionforIDA-ineligiblecountries,collectivelyaccountingfor13%ofthetotaldemandfor“TheBeltandRoad”infrastructureinvestment).“TheBeltandRoad”InfrastructureInvestmentandFinancingIntermsofinfrastructureinvestmentandfinancing,theprojectavailableforinvestmentisaprerequisite,,-qualityinfrastructureprojectsalong“TheBeltandRoad”aremainlyconcentratedinhigh-incomeeconomiesandasmallnumberofmiddle-incomecountries(includingChina),whichhavefavorableaccesst,thosecountriesandregions,whichareinurgentneedtotapintodevelopmentpotentialthroughinfrastructureimprovement,lackqu,althoughtherearemanypotentialinvestmentprojectsforinfrastructureofthesecountriesandregions,:...Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

      1、伺服电机

      ,2016OnMarch18,2016,theexecutivemeetingoftheStateCouncilapprovedtoextendthepilotprogramofreplacingbusinesstax(BT)withvalue-addedtax(VAT),2016,fourmoresectors,namelyconstruction,realestate,financeandcivilservice,havebeenincludedinthisprogram[],,,asthinvarioussectors,whichnotonlyclearlyshowstheamountofdeductibleinputtaxofasectorandhelpscalculatethetaxincidencebeforeandafterVAT-replacing-BTprogram,ttrialedin1979,VATwasofficiallycollectedin1984[].Adecadelater,ChinareformedthetaxsystemintoaturnovertaxsystemincludingVAT,BT,,production-basedVATwaschangedtoconsumption-basedVAT,,VATisthebiggesttaxcategoryinChina,%[]%and25%,,BTisthethirdlargesttaxcategory,%ofthetotaltaxrevenueattheendof2015,,startingfrom2012inShanghai,,allsectorswhichpaidBTpreviouswillpayVATinstead,andtheformerwillexitfromChina’,,,,theprogramofreplacingBTwithVAThasequalsignificanceof,,howdifferentsectorsareinterrelatedwhenVATiscalculatedisnotwellunderstood,whichwillbegrad,VATisnotpaidinaregulatedway,,inthelongterm,,huged,,,withtaxcut,tgotheirprincipaltax,BT,SectorsInrealpractice,VATpayableiscalculatedbysubtra,taxamountisnotonlyrelatedtotheapplicableVATrate,butasasintermediateinput,ble2012[SeeChinaStatisticalYearbook2015,NationalBureauofStatisticsofthePeople’sRepublicofChina.],whichincludes17sectors,allofwhicharerankedinTable1inthedescendingorderofproportionofintermediateinput....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.;

      2、88线上网投眼部防护

      ,2016Thegeneralpublicistheinitialdrivingforceforworldenvironmentalprotection,andpublicparticipationisthenecessarycomplementto“governmentfailure”and“marketfailure”isionoftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaonSomeMajorIssuesConcerningComprehensivelyDeepeningtheReformadoptedatthethirdPlenarySessionofthe18thPartyCongresshavesetupanoverallplanforhowtogivefullplaytothefun,thenewlyrevisedEnvironmentalProtectionLawhasprovipationinEnvironmentalProtectioninordertofacilitat,China’sLivelihoodSurveyprojectteamoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilconductedadoo,’willingnessandbehaviorfeatureswh,gender,income,%oftherespondentswerewillingtoparticipateinsupervisingenvironmentalpollution,%choseto“donothing”,%said“itdepends”(seetablebelow).Previoussurveysshowedthatpublicparticip,conductedbyRenminUniversityofChinain19952,foundthat65%oftherespondentswerereluctanttointervenewhentheysawsomeoneorsomecompanydamagedtheenvironment3;In20034,%oftheurbanrespondents“nevertookanactivepartinfilingcomplaintsandlodgingappeals”,inthepasttwodecades,theattitudeofthepublictowardenvironmentalpollutionhaschangedfrom“passivetolerance”,“turningablindeye”to“expressingappeals”and“activeparticipation”,whicherallyspeaking,althoughrespondentsweremorewillingtoparticipateinenvironmentalprotection,only52%ofthemtookactions,,%,didnottakeanyactionbecausethey“wantedtoreport,butdidnotknowhowtodoso”(seeTablebelow).Itcanbeseenthatshortageofeffectivechannelsforthepublictoparticipateandlackofbasicin,astudybyChinaEnvironmentalCulturePromotionAssociationalsofoundoutthatthephenomenonof“noaction,talkonly”,levantauthoritieswhentheyparticipateinsupervisingenvironmentalpollutionOftherespondentswhotookactions,%ofthemsaidthey“reportedorfiledcomplaintstorelevantauthorities”,%saidthey“directlycomplainedtothepolluters”.Itisobviousthatgovernmentwasthemainchannelthroughwhichthepublicexpressenvironmentalconcerns,withonlyasmallnumberofreanfiftypercentoftherespondentsbelievedgovernmenthadthemostimportantroleinenvironmentalprotection,,thethoughtthat“environmentalprotectionreliedongovernment”,peoplegraduallyrealizethat,althoughthegovernmentisthemainplayerinenvironmentalprotection,,andtheextensiveandsocialnatureofenvironmentalprotection,itisneuthoritiesshowsthepublicareplayingtheroleofsocialsupervision,andthegovernancesystemwithdi%,%%oftherespondentswhowere“satisfied”,“neithersatisfiednordissatisfied”,“dissatisfied”withgovernmentservicesreportedorfiledcom,themoretrustrespondentsputonthegovernment,andthemoreliketcomplaintstothegovernmentiftheirco,itisimportanttoseethatgovernmentchannelsmaynotbeable,evenifsomerespondentsaresatisfiedwithgovernmentservices,,uationofenvironmentqualityOftherespondentswhoreportedenvironmentalimprovementinrecentthreeyears,%ofthemwerewillingtoparticipateinsupervisingpollution,%tookactions,%choseto“donothing”;Incontrast,oftherespondentswhoreportedenvironmentaldegradation,%%ofthemwerewillingtoparticipateandtakeactionsindoingso,respectively,,theproportionofactiontakersdroppedby15percentagepoints,andthatofthosesayingthey“didnothing”...Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.;

      3、汽车衡

      ,2016China’’sCongressinMarch2016,TheThirteenthFive-YearPlanforNationalEconomicandSocialDevelopmentofthePeople’sRepublicofChina(referredasthe13thFive-YearPlan)determinedthatChinashouldupholdthephilosophyofinnovative,coordinated,green,’sgrowthintoanewstage,,ChinaWillSurelyRealizetheGoalsofthe13thFive-YearPlanasLongasPoliciesAreDesignedinaScientificWayandImplementedProperlyThe13t%inChinainthenextfiveyears,,inmyopinion,concernsaboutChina’,’comefromlowincome,withpercapitaGDPnearly$8,000in2015,which,nonetheless,’’,,capitalstockpercapitainChinaislessthan1/5ofthatintheUnitedStatesandonlyaquarterofthatinJapan,meaningChina’smodernizationdrivestillrequiresalotofcapitalinvestmentinsuchfieldsasupgradingtraditionalindustries,fosteringnewindustries,creatinginfrastructurenetworkwithinandamongcities,advancingmodernizationdrive,,,finalconsumptionexpenditurepercapitainChinaislessthan1/14ofthatintheUSor1/9ofthatinJapan,suggestingChina,inordertocompletemodernizationdrive,hastocreatemoreandmoreproductsandservicesforpeople’,China’strans,Chinafacesseverechallengeslikethedecreasingnumberoflaborandrisinglaborcosts;foranother,atthecatch-upstageofindustrialization,Chinahascultivatedvariousspecializedpersonnelsuitablefortheworld’’snoexaggerationtosaythatthehigh-qualitypopulationhasbecomethenewadvantageofChina’,advancingthenewtypeofurbanizationwithChinesecharacterist,China’%,butpopulationwithregisteredurbanresidencyonlyaccountedforlessthan40%.ThereisabiggapbetweenChinaanddevelopedcount,theChinesegovernmentattachesgreatimportancetothis,andthe13thFive-YearPlanproposestoraisethetwofiguresto60%and45%,therewillbeanother55millionurbanresidentsandsome70millionpeoplewithregisteredurbanresidencyinthenextfiveyears,whic,Chinahasnotonlyenormouspotentialtogrow,butalsomacroeconomicreg%andmadethegreatestcontributionstoglobaleco,,Chinawillactthisway,,560billionyuanmorethanthepreviousyear,andadeficitratioupto3%playitsroleinexpandingtotaldemandofthesociety,reducingtaxburdenonenterprises,,,Chinahasbeencarryingoutpruden,especiallytheformer,,Chinahasthemostforeignexchangereserves,arrivingat$,whichwillprovideeffectivemeansandlayasolidfoundationforstabilizingRMBexchangerate,inhibitingexcessivevolatilityinfinancialmarkets,,withthehelpofmorescientificindustrialpolicies,whichareim,itisalsocommontosetupind’scentralgovernmenthassetupfundsfordevelopingsmallandmediumenterprisesandforstartingandinvestinginemergingindustries,ent,Chinacanfurtherexpandthescaleofsuchfundsandsetupnewones,whichcanattractsocialcapitala,,,includingtheLawofthePRConPromotingtheTransformationofScientificandTechnologicalAchievements,s,combinedtogether,,China’sCoreTasksIncludeAdvancingStructuralReformoftheSupplyFront,SpeedingupEconomicTransformationandUpgrading,PromotingRealChangeoftheGrowthPattern,AmongWhichtheSecondistheTopPriorityThe13thFive-YearPlanlistsaseriesofmajortasksofChinainthenextfiveyears,amongwhichthegreatestimportanceshouldbeattachedtoad,likeweakergrowthmomentum,decreasingresources,worseningenvironment,andprominentsocialproblems,,Chinahastoputmoreeffortsinpromotingeconomicrestructuring,withthegreatestattentiongiventostructuralreformofthesupplyfront,andwiththecoreofchangingthegrowthpattern....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.362下注网站,2015Itisimportanttofirmlyestablishandvigorouslyimplementthedevelopmentphilosophyofinnovation,coordination,greengrowth,opennessandfruit-sharing,acceleratetransformingagriculturaldevelopmentmode,andfosternewdrivingforcesforagriculturalgrowth.“China’sFoodSecurityFoodSafetyStrategySummit”attentionfromallwalksoflife,includingtheinternationalcommunity,andplayedasignificantroleindesigningChina’rtyofChina,heldinOctober2015,reviewedandapprovedRecommendationsforthe13thFive-YearPlanforEconomicandSocialDevelopment,theblueprintforChina’sdevelopmentinthenextfiveyears,particularlyfocusingonimprovingthequalityandefficiencyofdevelopment,andacceleratingtheestablishmentofthesystem,mechanism,andeconomicgrowthmodelthatguidethenewnormalinChina’,withthethemeof“AgriculturalDevelopmentModeTransformationGrowthEngineSuccession”,reflectstheguidelinesofChina’snewdevelopmentphilosophyduringthe13thFive-YearPlanPeriod,andconcentratesonthelinchpinsinChina’odsupplyinChina,whichhascha,China’spercapitashareofgrainis450kg,,storage,processing,anddistribution,,solidfoundationforthecountrytodealwiththechallengesbroughtbyreformandopening-up,andmaintainsoundeconomicandsocialorder,butalsohasgreatlycontributedtopovertyandhungeralleviat,Chinahasmadearemarkableachievementbecauseitsupportsonefifthoftheworld’spopulationwithonefourthoftheworld’,oodsafetyisweak,,theactualamountofwaterusedinmajorgra,,suggestingChina’,China’’saveragelevel,,landandsoilinChinahavebeenoverlydeveloped,ndenvironment,thebasistosustainagricultureanditsdevelopmentwillbedestroyed,an,thestatehasraisedthefloorpurchasepriceofriceandwheat,aswellasthetemporarypurchaseandstoragepriceofmaize,effectivelypromotinggrainoutputandfarmers’,nonetheless,,thebiggestconflictinthefoodmarketisthatdomes,pricesofprimaryagricuubstitutes,whiledomesticfoodwithahighcostispurchasedbythegovernmentwiththeaimtosupportfoodprice,resultinginthegrowthoffoodproduction,’sagriculturalpoliciestoperfectthepricingmechanismofagriculturalproducts,improvethesystemoffoodpurchaseandstorage,,andtheasymmetricinformationamongproducers,dealers,consumersandregulators,,withover200millionfarminghouseholds,morethan400,000foodfirms,andsome3millionfooddealers,,depressedconsumermarket,andcontinuousincreaseofproductioncost,somefoodenterprises,inordertomaintaintheirprofitlevel,havereducedtheireffortsinqualitycontrol,’sImportedFood2010-2014issuedbyGeneralAdministrationofQualitySupervision,InspectionandQuarantineofthePeople’sRepublicofChina,thenumberofunqualifiedfoodimportedfrom112countriesandregionsduringthatperiodwas1692,1857,2499,2164and3505batchesrespectivelyeveryyearduringthatperiod,offoodsecurityandfoodsafety,wemustactivelytakemeasures,firmlyestablishandvigorouslyimplementthedevelopmentphilosophyofinnovation,coordination,greengrowth,opennessandfruit-sharing,acceleratetransformingagriculturaldevelopmentmode,’smore,itisofsignificancetofocusonbothfoodquantityandquality,boththecurrentandlong-rundevelopment,bothdomesticmarketandinternationalmarketandresources,soastocomprehensivelyimprovefoodsecurityandfoodsafety.;

      4、变压器及保护装置

      ,2015Itisimportanttofirmlyestablishandvigorouslyimplementthedevelopmentphilosophyofinnovation,coordination,greengrowth,opennessandfruit-sharing,acceleratetransformingagriculturaldevelopmentmode,andfosternewdrivingforcesforagriculturalgrowth.“China’sFoodSecurityFoodSafetyStrategySummit”attentionfromallwalksoflife,includingtheinternationalcommunity,andplayedasignificantroleindesigningChina’rtyofChina,heldinOctober2015,reviewedandapprovedRecommendationsforthe13thFive-YearPlanforEconomicandSocialDevelopment,theblueprintforChina’sdevelopmentinthenextfiveyears,particularlyfocusingonimprovingthequalityandefficiencyofdevelopment,andacceleratingtheestablishmentofthesystem,mechanism,andeconomicgrowthmodelthatguidethenewnormalinChina’,withthethemeof“AgriculturalDevelopmentModeTransformationGrowthEngineSuccession”,reflectstheguidelinesofChina’snewdevelopmentphilosophyduringthe13thFive-YearPlanPeriod,andconcentratesonthelinchpinsinChina’odsupplyinChina,whichhascha,China’spercapitashareofgrainis450kg,,storage,processing,anddistribution,,solidfoundationforthecountrytodealwiththechallengesbroughtbyreformandopening-up,andmaintainsoundeconomicandsocialorder,butalsohasgreatlycontributedtopovertyandhungeralleviat,Chinahasmadearemarkableachievementbecauseitsupportsonefifthoftheworld’spopulationwithonefourthoftheworld’,oodsafetyisweak,,theactualamountofwaterusedinmajorgra,,suggestingChina’,China’’saveragelevel,,landandsoilinChinahavebeenoverlydeveloped,ndenvironment,thebasistosustainagricultureanditsdevelopmentwillbedestroyed,an,thestatehasraisedthefloorpurchasepriceofriceandwheat,aswellasthetemporarypurchaseandstoragepriceofmaize,effectivelypromotinggrainoutputandfarmers’,nonetheless,,thebiggestconflictinthefoodmarketisthatdomes,pricesofprimaryagricuubstitutes,whiledomesticfoodwithahighcostispurchasedbythegovernmentwiththeaimtosupportfoodprice,resultinginthegrowthoffoodproduction,’sagriculturalpoliciestoperfectthepricingmechanismofagriculturalproducts,improvethesystemoffoodpurchaseandstorage,,andtheasymmetricinformationamongproducers,dealers,consumersandregulators,,withover200millionfarminghouseholds,morethan400,000foodfirms,andsome3millionfooddealers,,depressedconsumermarket,andcontinuousincreaseofproductioncost,somefoodenterprises,inordertomaintaintheirprofitlevel,havereducedtheireffortsinqualitycontrol,’sImportedFood2010-2014issuedbyGeneralAdministrationofQualitySupervision,InspectionandQuarantineofthePeople’sRepublicofChina,thenumberofunqualifiedfoodimportedfrom112countriesandregionsduringthatperiodwas1692,1857,2499,2164and3505batchesrespectivelyeveryyearduringthatperiod,offoodsecurityandfoodsafety,wemustactivelytakemeasures,firmlyestablishandvigorouslyimplementthedevelopmentphilosophyofinnovation,coordination,greengrowth,opennessandfruit-sharing,acceleratetransformingagriculturaldevelopmentmode,’smore,itisofsignificancetofocusonbothfoodquantityandquality,boththecurrentandlong-rundevelopment,bothdomesticmarketandinternationalmarketandresources,soastocomprehensivelyimprovefoodsecurityandfoodsafety.;

      5、Pt1000

      ByWangHaiqin,ChengHuiqiangGaoShiji,ResearchI,2015Environmentalmonito,itisurgenttospeeduptheestablishmentofaunified,independentandefficientmodernenvironmentalmonitoringnetworksoastoensurethequalityofmonitoringdata,promoteinformationsharingandimprovescientificdecision-makinginpromotingChina’’sEnvironmentalMonitoringNetworkundertheNewCircumstancesEnvironmentalmonitoringreferstoanalyzingandtestingtheconcentration,quantity,distributionandpollutionofrelevantfactorsinsuchenvironmentalelementsaswater,air,soils,forests,grasslandsandoceans,andidentifythesourcesofpollution,einoverallarrangementforenvironmentalmonitoringThe18thNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)proposedtoincluderesourceconsumption,environmentaldamage,andeco-efficiencyintotheevaluationsystemforeconomicandsocialdevelopment,highlightingtheunderpinningroleofenvironmentalmonitoringintheoverallplanforbuildingsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,whichconsistsofpromotingeconomic,political,cultural,goalofbuildingamonitoringandearlywarningmechanismforthecarryingcapacityofresourcesandenvironmentandclearlydefinedtheroleofenvironmentalmonitoringinensuringthecreationofthgtheEcologicalProgressputforwardthegoalof“improvingthemonitoringnetworktocoverallresourceandenvironmentalelements”andclearlystatedthespecificrequi,duringits14thmeeting,theCentralLeadershipGroupforComprehensivelyDeepeningRefedonenvironmentalmonitoringInordertoimproveecosystem,wemustestablishcompleteandintegratedinstitutionalframeworkforpromotingecologicalprogress,includingperfectingthepropertyrightsystemofnaturalresources,makingbalancesheetsofnaturalresourceassets,establishingthesystemoflifelongaccountabilityforecologicalandenvironmentaldamagesandimplementingthesystemforp,imsmwitheffectivepreventionatthesource,strictcontrolintheprocess,andseverepunishmentforbadresults,aswellasanincentivemechanismwhichboostsgreen,nginatimelymanner,enhancetheabilityofenvironm“Internetplus”-basedgreenecologyTheInternetisincreasinglyintegratedwithecologicalconservation.“Internetplus”-basedgreenecologyaimsatbuildingadynamicnetworkmonitoringthecarryingcapacityofmainecologica,,monitoringdatashouldbelargeenoughtocoverallregions,,dataqualityshouldbegoodenoughtobescientific,,itiscrucialtomakesuremonitoringinformationcanbeavailableonline,,ithasbecomeanirreversibletrendthatbigdat,nosesandfeelstoobtainmonitoringdatashouldbephasedoutandtransitionedintotherefinedandaccuratere,lakes,rivers,forestsandfarmlandsconstituteacompletesystemposesnewrequirementsforanoverallenvironmentalmonitoringsystemTopromoteecologicalprogress,wemustfollowtheprincipleofrespecting,protectingnatureandfollowingitsobjectivelawandadheretothebeliefthatmountains,lakes,rivers,forestsandfarmlandsconstituteacommunityoflife,,air,soil,forests,grasslandsandoceans,itisimportanttohaveanoverallplanandarrangementofallmonitoringnetworksassociatedwithupwindanddownwind,upstreamanddownstream,groundandunderground,,,MinistryofEnvironmentalProtectionismonitoring’sEnvironmentalMonitoringNetworkThankstotheprogressmadeinmorethanfiftyyearsinthepast,Chinahascreatedamonitoringnetworkcoveringvariedecologicalandenvironmentalelementslikewater,air,soil,forests,grasslands,andoceans,whichhasplayedam,however,tionbarriersarecommontoseeThesameen,includingMinistryofEnvironmentalProtection,MinistryofLandandResources,MinistryofWaterResources,StateOceanicAdministration,StateForestryAdministration,awsandregulations(seebelow).Forexample,MinistryofEnvironmentalProtection,ChinaMeteorologicalAdministration,andMinistryofTransportm,,whenmonitoringthesameenvironmentalelement,oftendifferinmonitoringareasanddensitiesofmonitoringsites,andmonitoringmethods,indicatorsandregulations,causingdifferentandevencontradictoryresultsandhinderingcomprehensive,,differentdepartmentsreleasedifferentresults,which,toacertainextent,verlapping,vagueorevenconflictingenvironmentalmonitoringfunctionsstipulatedinrelevantlawsandregulations.利高现金网;

      6、真空泵

      百家乐赌场娱乐,2015Itisimportanttofirmlyestablishandvigorouslyimplementthedevelopmentphilosophyofinnovation,coordination,greengrowth,opennessandfruit-sharing,acceleratetransformingagriculturaldevelopmentmode,andfosternewdrivingforcesforagriculturalgrowth.“China’sFoodSecurityFoodSafetyStrategySummit”attentionfromallwalksoflife,includingtheinternationalcommunity,andplayedasignificantroleindesigningChina’rtyofChina,heldinOctober2015,reviewedandapprovedRecommendationsforthe13thFive-YearPlanforEconomicandSocialDevelopment,theblueprintforChina’sdevelopmentinthenextfiveyears,particularlyfocusingonimprovingthequalityandefficiencyofdevelopment,andacceleratingtheestablishmentofthesystem,mechanism,andeconomicgrowthmodelthatguidethenewnormalinChina’,withthethemeof“AgriculturalDevelopmentModeTransformationGrowthEngineSuccession”,reflectstheguidelinesofChina’snewdevelopmentphilosophyduringthe13thFive-YearPlanPeriod,andconcentratesonthelinchpinsinChina’odsupplyinChina,whichhascha,China’spercapitashareofgrainis450kg,,storage,processing,anddistribution,,solidfoundationforthecountrytodealwiththechallengesbroughtbyreformandopening-up,andmaintainsoundeconomicandsocialorder,butalsohasgreatlycontributedtopovertyandhungeralleviat,Chinahasmadearemarkableachievementbecauseitsupportsonefifthoftheworld’spopulationwithonefourthoftheworld’,oodsafetyisweak,,theactualamountofwaterusedinmajorgra,,suggestingChina’,China’’saveragelevel,,landandsoilinChinahavebeenoverlydeveloped,ndenvironment,thebasistosustainagricultureanditsdevelopmentwillbedestroyed,an,thestatehasraisedthefloorpurchasepriceofriceandwheat,aswellasthetemporarypurchaseandstoragepriceofmaize,effectivelypromotinggrainoutputandfarmers’,nonetheless,,thebiggestconflictinthefoodmarketisthatdomes,pricesofprimaryagricuubstitutes,whiledomesticfoodwithahighcostispurchasedbythegovernmentwiththeaimtosupportfoodprice,resultinginthegrowthoffoodproduction,’sagriculturalpoliciestoperfectthepricingmechanismofagriculturalproducts,improvethesystemoffoodpurchaseandstorage,,andtheasymmetricinformationamongproducers,dealers,consumersandregulators,,withover200millionfarminghouseholds,morethan400,000foodfirms,andsome3millionfooddealers,,depressedconsumermarket,andcontinuousincreaseofproductioncost,somefoodenterprises,inordertomaintaintheirprofitlevel,havereducedtheireffortsinqualitycontrol,’sImportedFood2010-2014issuedbyGeneralAdministrationofQualitySupervision,InspectionandQuarantineofthePeople’sRepublicofChina,thenumberofunqualifiedfoodimportedfrom112countriesandregionsduringthatperiodwas1692,1857,2499,2164and3505batchesrespectivelyeveryyearduringthatperiod,offoodsecurityandfoodsafety,wemustactivelytakemeasures,firmlyestablishandvigorouslyimplementthedevelopmentphilosophyofinnovation,coordination,greengrowth,opennessandfruit-sharing,acceleratetransformingagriculturaldevelopmentmode,’smore,itisofsignificancetofocusonbothfoodquantityandquality,boththecurrentandlong-rundevelopment,bothdomesticmarketandinternationalmarketandresources,soastocomprehensivelyimprovefoodsecurityandfoodsafety.;

      ,’sopeningupwhenChinaenteredthenewnormalItisessentialtostudytheinternationalandexternalcontextofChina’sopeningupwhenChinaenteredthenewnormal,’snationaleconomy,Chinaisnowconfrontedwithaconvergenceofeconomicdeceleration,,ourexternalcontextischaracterizedbyapost-crisisperiodofrecoveryandadjustment,,particularlytheprosperousphasebefore2007,thisperiodhasmanifestedmanynewcharacteristicsincludingshrinkingexternaldemand,expandingovercapacity,increasingcompetition,,intesifiedrulechange,,theWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)isstillfunctionalasamultilateralmechanism,,regiontformsuchastheTrans-PacificPartnership(TPP),whichaimstocreatandchallengesforallcountries,,’,including,mostimportantly,,however,China’sdemographic’sopeningstrategiesinthenewnormalTounderstandChina’sopeningstrategiesinthenewnormal,wefirsthavetoknowwhatarethenewnormalrequirementsforChina’,PresidentXiJinpingelaboratedonChina’snewnormalfromthreeperspectives:first,China’,thisspeedremainsrelativelyhighatthegloballevel,%isabigchallengeforChina,,Chinaisundergoinganeconomictransition,acceleratingeconomicrestructuring,asaresponsetothenewnormalintermsofdemand,,Chinawilltransformitseconomicgrowthdrivers,whichmeansthatChinawillreduceitsdecade-longdependenceoninvestment,factorsofproductionandscale,andincreaseitsrelianceoninnovation,,Pre:intermsofeconomictransition,Chinashould,foritstransitionandchangeofgrowthdrivers,addressthequestionofhowitcanfullyleveragetheinternational,’seconomicslowdowninthenewnormalisaresultofthelawsofec’(IMF),China’seconomyhasalreadycaughtupwiththeUSifmeasuredatpurchasingpowerparity(PPP),’ssecondlargesteconomyandanemergingbigpower,China’srisewillsurelyexertaconsiderableimpactoninternationalpolitics,community,itmayfinditdifficulttocaies:HowcanexternalmarketsandresourcesfacilitateChina’stransitionwhileChinafacesthechallengeoftransitioninanexpandingeconomyAndhowshouldChinadealwithitsrelationshipwiththeoutsideworldthroughst,whenourmajorgoalinopeningupwastoincreaseexportsandearnforeignexchangetospeedupindustrialization,’scurrentopeningstrategyinthenewnormalToaccomplishitsstrategicgoals,,Chinashouldfocu,Chinaisan“independentvariable”intheworldeconomy,mChina,butwhatroleshouldanemerginggreatpowerplayinachangingglobalgovernancesystemShouldwerepeatthegovernanceapproachdominatedbyasinglecountryliketheUKortheUS,orshouldwecreateanewgovernanceframeworkinthisincreasinglymulti-polaranddemocraticworldHowcanChinabalancetheinterestofitsownandothercountrieswhileitisinvolvedinglobaleconomicgovernanceandthewritingofnewrulesThesequestionsmeritChina’,Chinashouldf’(BIT)beingnegotiatedbetweenChinaandtheUSonthebasisofpre-establishednationaltreatmentandanegativelistwillnotonlydrivechangesinapproachingovernmentbehaviorandadministration,,’scooperationwithhostcountries,whichcanhelpChinesecomp,Chinawillfaceaherculeanchallenge,atboththemacroandmicrolevels,intheshiftingofitsfocusfromlicensingandadministrationtypicalofitspreviousforeign-investormanagementpractice,toaservice-o,globalstrategydevelopment,internationaltalent,internalmanagement,,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLvWei,,2015InMay2014,duringhisvisittoShanghai,PresidentXiJinpingpointedoutthatShanghaishouldbeintheforefrontofpromotingtechnologicalinnovation,andimplemenchnologicalinnovationcenterwithglobalinfluence,whichisnotonlynecessaryforShanghaitocarryouttransformationanddevelopment,butalsoimportantforCh,thisinitiativeshouldbewellplannedforitsfunctionnnovativeCountryInordertocarryouttheinnovation-drivendevelopmentstrategy,regionalinnovationsystemswithuniquefeaturesareneededandanumberoionalcompetitivenessTechnologicalinnovationcenterreferstotheplace,withtheirleadingabilityastheforerunneroftechnologicalinnovationintheareasoftalents,capital,technology,,theSiliconValleyandtheHighway128intheUSA,theTokyoMetropolitanAreainJapan,LondonandManchesterintheUK,MunichandStuttgartinGermany,TelAvivinIsrael,andSeoulinKoreaarealltheworld’novationcenternowadays,,theyaretheplacesthatgatherinnovationelementsandhigh-endinnovativetalents,withmulti-leveswithinternationalinfluence,,theyaretheplacesthatgroupcompanieswithinnovativevigorandinternationalinfluence,,theyaretheplacesthatenjoyfairmarketcompetition,regulatedl,theinnovationcentersarelargeregionalconceptsthatbreakthroughtheboundariesofcities,,theyaretheplaceswithoneorseveralinnovativecitiesasthecore,consistingofsomesurroundingcityclusterswithahighdegreeofopenness,industrialsupportandtechnologyabsor,theworldfamousinnovationcenter--theSanFranciscoBayAreawiththe“SiliconValley”asitscore,whichincludesSanJose,Oakland,SanFrancisco,andmanyothercityclusters;theinnovationclusteroftheHighway128intheeasternUnitedStatesissupportedbyBoston,NewYork,Philadelphiaandothernearbymetropolises;Japan’s“TokyoMetropolitanCircle”isacityclusterwithTokyoasthecore;Bangalore,thethirdlargestcityinIndia,,,theTokyometropolitanareaisestablishedthroughthegovernment’s“capitalcircleplanning”.ustocreateauniqueregionalinnovationsystem,andncenterAtpresent,,namelytheBohaiRimwithBeijingasitscore,theYangtzeRiverDeltaregionwithShanghaiasitscore,andthePearlRiverDeltaregionwithShenzhenasitscore;thecentralandwesternregionshavetechnology-intensivezonessuchasGuanzhongwithXi’anasitscore,ChengyuwithChengduandChongqingasthecore,,thecorecitiesofthethreemajorinnovativehighlands,Beijing,,technologyandculturalcenter,’suniversitiesa’stechnologicalsupplycenter,andincubatoroftechnologicalachievements,80%’rprisesandcutting-edgetechnologicalinnovationandentrepreneurialcompanies,,expenditureandinventionpatentsoftheenterprisesinShenzhentakeupmorethan90%,,Shanghaiisthecountry’seconomic,financial,,,Shanghai’inistrationofthestateagenciesandthenumberofresearchinstitutes,thenumberofacademiciansoftheChineseAcademyofSciencesandChineseAcademyofEngineering,thenumberoftalentsoftheNationalThousandTalentsPlan,thenumberofnationalscienceandtechnologyprojects,hosetolocateinShanghai;theRDexpe,ShanghaiisChina’,nuclearpowerequipment,arterialcivilaircraft,,’smostdevelopedareaineconomy,withstroncentratedsuchastechnologytalent,investment,venturecapital,entrepreneurialcompaniesandsoon,ountry,itssizeofventurecapitalisover2timesgreaterthanthatofthePearlRiverDeltaregion,%high,havingagoodbasisformanufacturingandrelativelycompleteindustrychainintheYangtzeRiverDeltaregion,JiangsuandZhejiang’slandcapacityan,theYangtzeRiverDeltaregionwithShanghaiastheleadingcityismosteligibleforbeingthefirsttechnologicalinnovationcenterwithtegyItisthenationalstrelt,andenableShanghaitoplaytheroleofthecorecityintheinnovationintensivezoneoftheYangtzeRiverDeltaregionInlightoftheinternationalexperience,itisdif,theCPCCentralCommitteehasinitiatedstrategiestofocusonthethreeregionaldevelopmentstrategies,namely,the“BeltandRoad”,thecoordinateddevelopmentoftheBeijing-Tianjin-Hebeiregion,,buildingthetechnologicalinnovationcenterinShanghaiwillacceleratethedevelopmentoftheYangtzeRiverEconomicBelt,whichistheefficientcombinationofthenationalinnovation-drivendevelopmentstrategyandtheregionaldevelopmentstrategy.88线上网投ByChengGuoqiang,,minChinaThedouble-levelbasicsystemforruraloperation,“thecombinationofunifiedandseparatedoperationsystem”,builtbasedonhouseholdcontractedlandsystem,isthemajoraystem,characterizedby“collectiveownership,averagedistributionofcontractedland,andhouseholdoperation”hasplayeda,withthedeepeningofindustrializationandurbanizationandtherapidflowofrurallandandlabor,“theweakfarmingtheland”and“barrenlandforgraincrops”,everyhouseholdhadin1986,(),(),()andtherewere229millionfarmhouseholds,(),rmhouseholdsinChina,in1996,%andthenumberfellto40%,%inJilin,Heilongjiang,Anhui,SichuanandZhejiangprovinces,,,%ofallemployedlaborforcein2011engagedinthefirstindu,amongthewholelaborforce,%in2011,%,ind,%%,productionhasbeenconversedfor“non-food”(),morethan65%ofthetotalgrainoutputgrowth,,withthetransferoftherighttocontractedoperation,%ofthewhole,%,muchsmaller,forthosehavingfarmlandtransferredin,whichsuggeststhatgrainproductionisincreasinglynotfarmers’,ifthequalityoftheagriculturallaborforce,farmers’productioncapacityandtheagriculturaloperationscalefailtomeettheminimumrequirementsofthedevelopmentofmodernagriculture,itwillbedifficulttosustaintherelatedagriculturalmodernfacilitiesandequipment,scientificandtechnologicalapplications,qualityofproducts,farmingincome,andpeople’senthusiasminfarming,thusthreateningf,inChina’sagriculturalmodernization,tobringaboutgenuinebreakthroughsandinnovationsofagriculturalmanagementandacceleratetheconstructionofanewagriculturalmanagemen“PilotPraticeinChongzhou”,anInnovativePracticeofAgriculturalOperationSysteminChinaProblemsandcontradictionsintheagriculturaldevelopmentofChongzhou,amajoragriculturalcountyandgrainproducingareainChengdu,SichuanProvince,,thepermanentpo%“marginalization”blemof“whofarms”butdeepones,like“whatkindoflandshouldbeused”and“howtofarmit”.Avarietyofexplorationsandpracticeshavebeencar,majorgrainproducinghouseholdswereencouragedtotransfertheirfarmlandintheearlydaysandlaterlea,YinmalongCompanybroketheleasecontractandsurrenderedover3000mu(around200hectares)offarmlandinQiquanTown,farmerswerereluctanttotakebacktproductionandruraldevelopment,thegovernmentofChongzhou,since2010,hasbeen“forced”tostartanewtest,(around200hectares)ofsurrenderedfarmlandintopiecesrangingfrom300to500mu(around20-33hectares)andmobilizingandintroducingfarmingexpertsforriceproductionandmanagement,,therehasbeenformed,inChongzhou,anewagriculturaloperationsystemwithhouseholdcontractsystemasthebasis,farmersasthecoreparticipants,andjointlymanagedbymultipleentitiesincludingprofessionalagriculturalmanagers,landshareholdingcooperatives,socializedserviceorganizations,,itwillleadfarmerstoestablisha“landshareholdingcooperative”andexchan,itwillemployfarmingexpertswithgoodcommandoftechnologyandmanagementskillsasprofessio’smore,itwillsetupaspecializedservicesystemforlarge-scalefarminganda“one-stop”agriculturalservicesupermarket,thuscreatinganagriculturaloperationmodecovering“landshareholdingcooperatives,professionalmanagersandservicesupermarket”,“agriculturaljointoperationsystem”.ByLiuShouying,,2016AgriculturalmodernizationinChinahasalwaysbeenimpededbytheproblemofsmall-scaleandscatteredoperationofruralfarmland,whichismainlycaus,thecentralgovernmenthaspoliciesofencouragingvoluntary,law-based,,ruralfarmlandtransfertakesthetrendofacceleratedgrowthandpresentssomenewfeaturesdearly1990s,,from1984to1992,%offarmersnevertransferredfarmland,%,,842householdsintheeastern,centralandwesternareas,conductedbyruralsurveysitessetbyMinistryofAgriculture,%ofthetotalfarmland,with9%,%%fortheeastern,centralandwesternregionsrespectively[].Forthepastfewyears,anincreasingamountoffarmlandhasbeentransferred,withatotalareaof403millionmu()bytheendof2014,,%offarmlandcontractedandoperatedbyhouseholds,,theproportionoftransferredfarmlandisindescendingorderfromthecentraltoeastern,andtowesternregions,,%intheeasternregion,%inthecentralregion,%inthewesternregion,,,ties,likeShanghai(%),Jiangsu(%),Beijing(%),andZhejiang(%),sofMinistryofAgriculture,farmlandcanbetransferredinfivewaysincludessubcontracting,leasing,jointstockpartnership,exchanging,andtransferring,%,%,%,%%respectivelyin2014,%,w,however,,,farmlandismainlytransferredthroughsubcontractingandleasinginallregions,%,%%ofthetotaltransferredfarmlandrespectivelyintheeastern,,morethan60%,lessthan40%hatintheeasternandwesternregions,butrosefrom2011to2013,shipwashigh,over10%%in2013intheeasternregions,%%ithwideregionaldifferencesFrom2010to2014,theareaofsubcontractedfarmlandgrowinggraincropsincreasedfrom103millionto229millionmu,%%ofthetotaltransferredfarmland,,%%oftransferredfarmlandinJilinProvinceandHeilongjiangProvincerespectivelywasusedforgrainproduction,withtheareaoftransferredfarmlandforgrainproductioninmajorgrain-producingareashigherthanthenationalaverage,likeInnerMongolia(%),Jiangxi(%),Anhui(%),Henan(%).However,%inBeijing,%inGuizhou,%inHainan,%inGuangdong,%distransferredtomultiplepartieslikenon-farmers,,,%ofthetotalhouseholdscontractingandmanagingfarmland,,42millionfarmlandtransfercontractshavebeensigned,involvinganareaof269millionmu,,%ofthetotalareaoftransferredfarmland,owthoffarmlandtransfer,,thenumberoffarminghouseholdswithfarmlandlessthan10muwas226million,%ofthetotalhouseholdscontractingandoperatingfarmland,%.Specificallyspeaking,thenumbersoffarminghouseholdswithfarmlandbetween10and30muandbetween30―%%,thenumberoffarminghouseholdswithlessthan50muoffarmlandwasthelion’sshare(%),whichcorrespondstotheratiobetweenfamilysizetolandarea,technicalconditionsandfarmers’operationskills(seeTable7).Inaddition,,―100muoffarmland;750,000farminghouseholdshad100―200mu;and310,,itisofnecessitytofocusontheeffectsofalargenumberofhouseholdswithmoderatescaleoffarmi,farmlandisoper,,%oftransferredfarmlandisoperatedbyfarmers,whoarestillthemajorplayer,,farmlandisalsotransferredamongplentyofparties,likefarmingspecializedcooperatives(%),enterprises(%),andothers(%).Itisworthnotingthat,comparedwith2010,;;;...Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.


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